The Matrix Model is an addiction treatment used to treat addictions to stimulants, such as cocaine and methamphetamine. It incorporates education, relapse prevention, individual counseling, group therapy, family therapy, drug testing, and participation in self-help groups to promote long-term sobriety.
The Matrix Model is:
- An integrative treatment that includes aspects of several different therapeutic styles.
- An intensive outpatient program (IOP) that entails several hours of treatment each day, several days per week, while clients are still allowed to live at home.
- A highly structured program designed and engineered with planned topics and sequencing for each session of treatment.
- A time-limited treatment intended to last for 16 weeks, but depending on the client’s needs, it can be extended up to a year.
- A proven treatment, as evidenced by multiple studies. The model is not only helpful for stimulants, but also for a range of substance use issues, and it has so clearly been shown to work that many organizations are supporters of the treatment protocol, among which the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
As mentioned earlier, the Matrix Model is integrative, which means it utilizes specific aspects of several treatment styles, including CBT, motivational interviewing, behaviorism, person-centered therapy, family, couples, and marriage therapy, group therapy, and 12-step groups. Bringing together the most effective aspects from the most effective styles makes it a successful treatment type for those new to recovery, as well as those who have not had success previously.
The Matrix Model requires a therapist that is highly skilled and adaptable to a wide variety of situations and styles, so the most appropriate therapist will be one that is trained in CBT, motivational interviewing, as well as the physiology behind addiction. They will:
- Facilitate group, individual, and family sessions.
- Consult with other therapists and social services to benefit clients.
- Encourage clients to attend and participate in 12-step meetings.
- Engage clients in notions of CBT to understand connections of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
- Reward desired behaviors.
- Provide consistency and structure.
The Matrix Model is not based in confrontation; therapists will develop a position as teachers and coaches. They will create a safe, non-judgemental environment based on positivity and openness, and they will build an understanding relationship with the clients and help them with their needs.